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Paithani Sarees : Arts and crafts from aurangabad

Paithani (Marathi: पैठणी) is a variety of sari, named after the Paithan town in Aurangabad Maharashtra state where they are woven by hand. Made from very fine silk, it is considered as one of the richest saris in Maharashtra.Paithani is characterised by borders of an oblique square design, and a pallu with a peacock design. Plain as well as spotted designs are available. Among other varieties, single colored and kaleidoscope-colored designs are also popular. The kaleidoscopic effect is achieved by using one color for weaving lengthwise and another for weaving widthwise. A pattan (Paithani) is a gold and silk sari. In the revival of Paithani weaving, the production was oriented towards export requirements, while saris were produced only for sophisticated buyers. Paithani evolved from a cotton base to a silk base. Silk was used in weft designs and in the borders, whereas cotton was used in the body of the fabric. Present day Paithani has no trace of cotton. There was a time when silk was imported from China. Now Yeola and Paithan buy silk from Bangalore.

Paithani is a sari made of silk and zari. It is a plain weave, with weft figuring designs done on principles of tapestry. Traditionally, Paithan had a coloured, cotton muslin field that often contains considerable supplementary zari patterning. Although in 19th century, silk fields were also woven.

Materials used

There are three types of silk threads used:

    Charkha: This is widely used. It is cheap, dull and uneven.
    Ciddle-Gatta: Fine quality silk, thin shear, shiny, smooth and even.
    China silk: Very expensive to use.

This raw silk is cleansed with caustic soda, dyed in the requisite shades, the threads carefully separated. Khari ( True / Real ) zari costs about Rs. 1800 for 250 grams.

Golden threads are obtained from Surat, the quality being 1200 yard (1080 meters) per tola (11.664 grams). Gold threads are used in double and one of the finest varieties so much so that the closely woven surface looks like a mirror. The texture of the fabric is fairly compact with about 160 ends and 170 picks per inch (2.6 cm).

Zari is the metallic yarn, made of pure silver. Originally, zari was manufactured in Yeola; Surat now being another zari-producing center. Initially, zari used in making Paithani was drawn from pure gold. However, silver is the affordable substitute today.

Order Your Paithani Online :
visit : http://www.paithani.com

1) Form Combination : First Select Paitahni Saree Color ( PSC ) and then Paithani Saree Design ( PSD ) send these details to us on paithaniart@paithani.com

    For Example : If you likes Paitahni Saree Color II ( i.e PSC II ) and Paitahni Saree Design 4 ( PSD 4 ) send us you would like to buy PSC II and PSD 4 on paithaniart@paithani.com with your details

2) Form Collection  : Send us the product code which is on products like PSN I or PS I on paithaniart@paithani.com

    For Example : If you likes Paitahni Saree New I ( i.e PSN I ) or Paitahni Saree II ( PS II ) send us you would like to buy PSN I or  PS II on paithaniart@paithani.com with your details