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Bibi Ka Maqbara : a historical place

Bibi ka Maqbara was built approximately in a span of six years. Its construction was finished in 1679. It is said that its construction consumed six lakh sixty-six thousand two hundred and thirty-eight rupees. bibi ka maqbara There is a considerable doubt regarding who actually built the monument, Aurangzeb or his son Azam Shah? It is said that Azam Shah wanted to build for his mother something as grand as Taj Mahal, but Aurangzeb was reluctant to spend the great amount of money that would be required. Azam Shah’s desire of building the monument totally with marble was never fulfilled, but somehow, it is said, that he had got approved from Aurangzeb enough marble to build the dome and the most part of the central structure. The four minarets, which stand in four corners, are built from limestone and other ordinary material.

Many sources say that Aurangzeb built Bibi ka Maqbara for his beloved fourth wife Dilras Banu. It is important to notice that Aurangzeb was the person followed an unadorned life. He lived in the simplest way. He is infamous for his abhorrence towards artists. So, him building anything such as Bibi ka Maqbara seems unlikely. Therefore, it is widely believed that Prince Azam Shah was the one who built this mausoleum. However, it cannot be ignored that when Bibi ka Maqbara was built, Aurangzeb was the emperor of India and at peak of his power. bibi ka maqbara

Of some interesting episodes relating the Bibi ka Maqbara, one is of Nizam Sikandar Jahan. It said that he had ordered in the early 19th century the dismantling of the whole structure when he had seen it. His, virtually impossible, plan was to carry the Bibi ka Maqbara to Hyderabad, which was his capital. Fortunately, he had realized the jeopardy of his plan within time and called off the command. He built the mosque standing besides the central building as a penance. Another interesting tale is that of a European traveler, who had passed through these regions while the Bibi ka Maqbara was being built. He had witness hundreds of bullock carts carrying marble. He was told they were for the construction of a monument.

he majestic structure of Bibi ka Maqbara is the most distinguished landmark of Aurangabad. This monument can be spotted even from the tall buildings that exist on the other end of the city. As you approach the Bibi ka Maqbara, you spot it from some distance and it immediately grabs your attention. The onion shaped marble dome and the four minarets that enclose the central structure, present a fantastic view from the outside. A long rectangular wall, having delicate bastions on its corners, surrounds the monument and the beautiful garden around it. bibi ka maqbara This wall is well adorned and it demonstrates the artistic masonry of Mughal periods. The entrance gate of the Bibi ka Maqbara is another fine structure within itself. Its smooth white walls are attractive and its large gate and dome shaped inner portion of the ceiling has intriguing design involving intricate patterns. The pavement that leads to the mausoleum lies on the sides of an oblong pool with beautiful fountains. A walk from here provides a grand view of Bibi ka Maqbara.

The mausoleum is built on a high square platform with four minarets at its corners, which is approached by a flight of steps from the three sides. A mosque is found to the west of the main structure, which was a later addition caused, by Nizam of Hyderabad resulting closure of the entrance. The mausoleum is encased with marble up to the dado level. Above the dado level, it is constructed of basaltic trap up to the base of dome; the latter is again built of marble. A fine plaster covers the basaltic trap and given a fine polished finish and adorned with fine stucco decorations. The mortal remain of Rabia-ul-Daurani is placed below the ground level surrounded by an octagonal marble screen with exquisite designs, which can be approached by a descending flight of steps. The roof of this chamber that corresponds to the ground level of the mausoleum is pierced by an octagonal opening and given a low barricaded marble screen. Thus the tomb can also be viewed from the ground level also through this octagonal opening. The mausoleum is crowned by a dome pierced with trellis works and accompanying panels decorated with flower designs.

source : wikipedia

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